class Gtk::MenuButton

Overview

The GtkMenuButton widget is used to display a popup when clicked.

An example GtkMenuButton

This popup can be provided either as a GtkPopover or as an abstract GMenuModel.

The GtkMenuButton widget can show either an icon (set with the [property@Gtk.MenuButton:icon-name] property) or a label (set with the Gtk::MenuButton#label property). If neither is explicitly set, a Gtk#Image is automatically created, using an arrow image oriented according to Gtk::MenuButton#direction or the generic “open-menu-symbolic” icon if the direction is not set.

The positioning of the popup is determined by the Gtk::MenuButton#direction property of the menu button.

For menus, the Gtk::Widget#halign and Gtk::Widget#valign properties of the menu are also taken into account. For example, when the direction is %GTK_ARROW_DOWN and the horizontal alignment is %GTK_ALIGN_START, the menu will be positioned below the button, with the starting edge (depending on the text direction) of the menu aligned with the starting edge of the button. If there is not enough space below the button, the menu is popped up above the button instead. If the alignment would move part of the menu offscreen, it is “pushed in”.

| | start | center | end | | - | --- | --- | --- | | down | | | | | up | | | | | left | | | | | right | | | |

CSS nodes

menubutton
╰── button.toggle
╰── < content >
  ╰── [arrow]

GtkMenuButton has a single CSS node with name menubutton which contains a button node with a .toggle style class.

If the button contains an icon, it will have the .image-button style class, if it contains text, it will have .text-button style class. If an arrow is visible in addition to an icon, text or a custom child, it will also have .arrow-button style class.

Inside the toggle button content, there is an arrow node for the indicator, which will carry one of the .none, .up, .down, .left or .right style classes to indicate the direction that the menu will appear in. The CSS is expected to provide a suitable image for each of these cases using the -gtk-icon-source property.

Optionally, the menubutton node can carry the .circular style class to request a round appearance.

Accessibility

GtkMenuButton uses the %GTK_ACCESSIBLE_ROLE_BUTTON role.

Included Modules

Defined in:

auto/gtk-4.0/menu_button.cr

Constructors

Class Method Summary

Instance Method Summary

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::ConstraintTarget

to_unsafe to_unsafe

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Buildable

buildable_id : String? buildable_id, to_unsafe to_unsafe

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Accessible

accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role, accessible_role=(value : Gtk::AccessibleRole) : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role=, reset_property(property : Gtk::AccessibleProperty) : Nil reset_property, reset_relation(relation : Gtk::AccessibleRelation) : Nil reset_relation, reset_state(state : Gtk::AccessibleState) : Nil reset_state, to_unsafe to_unsafe, update_property(properties : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleProperty), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_property, update_relation(relations : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleRelation), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_relation, update_state(states : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleState), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_state

Instance methods inherited from class Gtk::Widget

action_set_enabled(action_name : String, enabled : Bool) : Nil action_set_enabled, activate : Bool activate, activate_action(name : String, args : _?) : Bool activate_action, activate_default : Nil activate_default, add_controller(controller : Gtk::EventController) : Nil add_controller, add_css_class(css_class : String) : Nil add_css_class, add_mnemonic_label(label : Gtk::Widget) : Nil add_mnemonic_label, add_tick_callback(callback : Gtk::TickCallback) : UInt32 add_tick_callback, allocate(width : Int32, height : Int32, baseline : Int32, transform : Gsk::Transform?) : Nil allocate, allocated_baseline : Int32 allocated_baseline, allocated_height : Int32 allocated_height, allocated_width : Int32 allocated_width, allocation : Gdk::Rectangle allocation, ancestor(widget_type : UInt64) : Gtk::Widget? ancestor, can_focus : Bool can_focus, can_focus=(can_focus : Bool) : Nil can_focus=, can_focus? : Bool can_focus?, can_target : Bool can_target, can_target=(can_target : Bool) : Nil can_target=, can_target? : Bool can_target?, child_focus(direction : Gtk::DirectionType) : Bool child_focus, child_visible : Bool child_visible, child_visible=(child_visible : Bool) : Nil child_visible=, clipboard : Gdk::Clipboard clipboard, compute_bounds(target : Gtk::Widget) : Graphene::Rect compute_bounds, compute_expand(orientation : Gtk::Orientation) : Bool compute_expand, compute_point(target : Gtk::Widget, point : Graphene::Point) : Graphene::Point compute_point, compute_transform(target : Gtk::Widget) : Graphene::Matrix compute_transform, contains(x : Float64, y : Float64) : Bool contains, create_pango_context : Pango::Context create_pango_context, create_pango_layout(text : String?) : Pango::Layout create_pango_layout, css_classes : Enumerable(String) css_classes, css_classes=(classes : Enumerable(String)) : Nil css_classes=, css_name : String css_name, css_name=(value : String) : String css_name=, cursor : Gdk::Cursor? cursor, cursor=(cursor : Gdk::Cursor?) : Nil cursor=, cursor_from_name=(name : String?) : Nil cursor_from_name=, destroy_signal destroy_signal, direction : Gtk::TextDirection direction, direction=(dir : Gtk::TextDirection) : Nil direction=, direction_changed_signal direction_changed_signal, display : Gdk::Display display, drag_check_threshold(start_x : Int32, start_y : Int32, current_x : Int32, current_y : Int32) : Bool drag_check_threshold, error_bell : Nil error_bell, first_child : Gtk::Widget? first_child, focus_child : Gtk::Widget? focus_child, focus_child=(child : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil focus_child=, focus_on_click : Bool focus_on_click, focus_on_click=(focus_on_click : Bool) : Nil focus_on_click=, focus_on_click? : Bool focus_on_click?, focusable : Bool focusable, focusable=(focusable : Bool) : Nil focusable=, focusable? : Bool focusable?, font_map : Pango::FontMap? font_map, font_map=(font_map : Pango::FontMap?) : Nil font_map=, font_options : Cairo::FontOptions? font_options, font_options=(options : Cairo::FontOptions?) : Nil font_options=, frame_clock : Gdk::FrameClock? frame_clock, grab_focus : Bool grab_focus, halign : Gtk::Align halign, halign=(align : Gtk::Align) : Nil halign=, has_css_class(css_class : String) : Bool has_css_class, has_default : Bool has_default, has_default? : Bool has_default?, has_focus : Bool has_focus, has_focus? : Bool has_focus?, has_tooltip : Bool has_tooltip, has_tooltip=(has_tooltip : Bool) : Nil has_tooltip=, has_tooltip? : Bool has_tooltip?, has_visible_focus : Bool has_visible_focus, height : Int32 height, height_request : Int32 height_request, height_request=(value : Int32) : Int32 height_request=, hexpand : Bool hexpand, hexpand=(expand : Bool) : Nil hexpand=, hexpand? : Bool hexpand?, hexpand_set : Bool hexpand_set, hexpand_set=(set : Bool) : Nil hexpand_set=, hexpand_set? : Bool hexpand_set?, hide : Nil hide, hide_signal hide_signal, in_destruction : Bool in_destruction, init_template : Nil init_template, insert_action_group(name : String, group : Gio::ActionGroup?) : Nil insert_action_group, insert_after(parent : Gtk::Widget, previous_sibling : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil insert_after, insert_before(parent : Gtk::Widget, next_sibling : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil insert_before, is_ancestor(ancestor : Gtk::Widget) : Bool is_ancestor, is_drawable : Bool is_drawable, is_focus : Bool is_focus, is_sensitive : Bool is_sensitive, is_visible : Bool is_visible, keynav_failed(direction : Gtk::DirectionType) : Bool keynav_failed, keynav_failed_signal keynav_failed_signal, last_child : Gtk::Widget? last_child, layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager? layout_manager, layout_manager=(layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager?) : Nil layout_manager=, list_mnemonic_labels : GLib::List list_mnemonic_labels, map : Nil map, map_signal map_signal, mapped : Bool mapped, margin_bottom : Int32 margin_bottom, margin_bottom=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_bottom=, margin_end : Int32 margin_end, margin_end=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_end=, margin_start : Int32 margin_start, margin_start=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_start=, margin_top : Int32 margin_top, margin_top=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_top=, measure(orientation : Gtk::Orientation, for_size : Int32) : Nil measure, mnemonic_activate(group_cycling : Bool) : Bool mnemonic_activate, mnemonic_activate_signal mnemonic_activate_signal, move_focus_signal move_focus_signal, name : String name, name=(name : String) : Nil name=, native : Gtk::Native? native, next_sibling : Gtk::Widget? next_sibling, observe_children : Gio::ListModel observe_children, observe_controllers : Gio::ListModel observe_controllers, opacity : Float64 opacity, opacity=(opacity : Float64) : Nil opacity=, overflow : Gtk::Overflow overflow, overflow=(overflow : Gtk::Overflow) : Nil overflow=, pango_context : Pango::Context pango_context, parent : Gtk::Widget? parent, parent=(parent : Gtk::Widget) : Nil parent=, pick(x : Float64, y : Float64, flags : Gtk::PickFlags) : Gtk::Widget? pick, preferred_size : Gtk::Requisition preferred_size, prev_sibling : Gtk::Widget? prev_sibling, primary_clipboard : Gdk::Clipboard primary_clipboard, query_tooltip_signal query_tooltip_signal, queue_allocate : Nil queue_allocate, queue_draw : Nil queue_draw, queue_resize : Nil queue_resize, realize : Nil realize, realize_signal realize_signal, realized : Bool realized, receives_default : Bool receives_default, receives_default=(receives_default : Bool) : Nil receives_default=, receives_default? : Bool receives_default?, remove_controller(controller : Gtk::EventController) : Nil remove_controller, remove_css_class(css_class : String) : Nil remove_css_class, remove_mnemonic_label(label : Gtk::Widget) : Nil remove_mnemonic_label, remove_tick_callback(id : UInt32) : Nil remove_tick_callback, request_mode : Gtk::SizeRequestMode request_mode, root : Gtk::Root? root, scale_factor : Int32 scale_factor, sensitive : Bool sensitive, sensitive=(sensitive : Bool) : Nil sensitive=, sensitive? : Bool sensitive?, set_size_request(width : Int32, height : Int32) : Nil set_size_request, set_state_flags(flags : Gtk::StateFlags, clear : Bool) : Nil set_state_flags, settings : Gtk::Settings settings, should_layout : Bool should_layout, show : Nil show, show_signal show_signal, size(orientation : Gtk::Orientation) : Int32 size, size_allocate(allocation : Gdk::Rectangle, baseline : Int32) : Nil size_allocate, size_request : Nil size_request, snapshot_child(child : Gtk::Widget, snapshot : Gtk::Snapshot) : Nil snapshot_child, state_flags : Gtk::StateFlags state_flags, state_flags_changed_signal state_flags_changed_signal, style_context : Gtk::StyleContext style_context, template_child(widget_type : UInt64, name : String) : GObject::Object template_child, tooltip_markup : String? tooltip_markup, tooltip_markup=(value : String) : String
tooltip_markup=(markup : String?) : Nil
tooltip_markup=
, tooltip_text : String? tooltip_text, tooltip_text=(value : String) : String
tooltip_text=(text : String?) : Nil
tooltip_text=
, translate_coordinates(dest_widget : Gtk::Widget, src_x : Float64, src_y : Float64) : Bool translate_coordinates, trigger_tooltip_query : Nil trigger_tooltip_query, unmap : Nil unmap, unmap_signal unmap_signal, unparent : Nil unparent, unrealize : Nil unrealize, unrealize_signal unrealize_signal, unset_state_flags(flags : Gtk::StateFlags) : Nil unset_state_flags, valign : Gtk::Align valign, valign=(align : Gtk::Align) : Nil valign=, vexpand : Bool vexpand, vexpand=(expand : Bool) : Nil vexpand=, vexpand? : Bool vexpand?, vexpand_set : Bool vexpand_set, vexpand_set=(set : Bool) : Nil vexpand_set=, vexpand_set? : Bool vexpand_set?, visible : Bool visible, visible=(visible : Bool) : Nil visible=, visible? : Bool visible?, width : Int32 width, width_request : Int32 width_request, width_request=(value : Int32) : Int32 width_request=

Constructor methods inherited from class Gtk::Widget

new
new(*, accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole? = nil, can_focus : Bool? = nil, can_target : Bool? = nil, css_classes : Enumerable(String)? = nil, css_name : String? = nil, cursor : Gdk::Cursor? = nil, focus_on_click : Bool? = nil, focusable : Bool? = nil, halign : Gtk::Align? = nil, has_default : Bool? = nil, has_focus : Bool? = nil, has_tooltip : Bool? = nil, height_request : Int32? = nil, hexpand : Bool? = nil, hexpand_set : Bool? = nil, layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager? = nil, margin_bottom : Int32? = nil, margin_end : Int32? = nil, margin_start : Int32? = nil, margin_top : Int32? = nil, name : String? = nil, opacity : Float64? = nil, overflow : Gtk::Overflow? = nil, parent : Gtk::Widget? = nil, receives_default : Bool? = nil, root : Gtk::Root? = nil, scale_factor : Int32? = nil, sensitive : Bool? = nil, tooltip_markup : String? = nil, tooltip_text : String? = nil, valign : Gtk::Align? = nil, vexpand : Bool? = nil, vexpand_set : Bool? = nil, visible : Bool? = nil, width_request : Int32? = nil)
new

Class methods inherited from class Gtk::Widget

default_direction : Gtk::TextDirection default_direction, default_direction=(dir : Gtk::TextDirection) : Nil default_direction=, g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::ConstraintTarget

to_unsafe to_unsafe

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Buildable

buildable_id : String? buildable_id, to_unsafe to_unsafe

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Accessible

accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role, accessible_role=(value : Gtk::AccessibleRole) : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role=, reset_property(property : Gtk::AccessibleProperty) : Nil reset_property, reset_relation(relation : Gtk::AccessibleRelation) : Nil reset_relation, reset_state(state : Gtk::AccessibleState) : Nil reset_state, to_unsafe to_unsafe, update_property(properties : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleProperty), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_property, update_relation(relations : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleRelation), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_relation, update_state(states : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleState), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_state

Constructor methods inherited from class GObject::InitiallyUnowned

new new

Class methods inherited from class GObject::InitiallyUnowned

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from class GObject::Object

bind_property(source_property : String, target : GObject::Object, target_property : String, flags : GObject::BindingFlags) : GObject::Binding bind_property, bind_property_full(source_property : String, target : GObject::Object, target_property : String, flags : GObject::BindingFlags, transform_to : GObject::Closure, transform_from : GObject::Closure) : GObject::Binding bind_property_full, data(key : String) : Pointer(Void)? data, finalize finalize, freeze_notify : Nil freeze_notify, getv(names : Enumerable(String), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil getv, notify(property_name : String) : Nil notify, notify_by_pspec(pspec : GObject::ParamSpec) : Nil notify_by_pspec, notify_signal notify_signal, property(property_name : String, value : _) : Nil property, qdata(quark : UInt32) : Pointer(Void)? qdata, ref_count ref_count, run_dispose : Nil run_dispose, set_data(key : String, data : Pointer(Void)?) : Nil set_data, set_property(property_name : String, value : _) : Nil set_property, steal_data(key : String) : Pointer(Void)? steal_data, steal_qdata(quark : UInt32) : Pointer(Void)? steal_qdata, thaw_notify : Nil thaw_notify, to_unsafe : Pointer(Void) to_unsafe, watch_closure(closure : GObject::Closure) : Nil watch_closure

Constructor methods inherited from class GObject::Object

cast(obj : GObject::Object) : self cast, cast?(obj : GObject::Object) : self? cast?, new new, newv(object_type : UInt64, parameters : Enumerable(GObject::Parameter)) : self newv

Class methods inherited from class GObject::Object

compat_control(what : UInt64, data : Pointer(Void)?) : UInt64 compat_control, g_type : UInt64 g_type, interface_find_property(g_iface : GObject::TypeInterface, property_name : String) : GObject::ParamSpec interface_find_property, interface_list_properties(g_iface : GObject::TypeInterface) : Enumerable(GObject::ParamSpec) interface_list_properties

Constructor Detail

def self.new #

Creates a new GtkMenuButton widget with downwards-pointing arrow as the only child.

You can replace the child widget with another GtkWidget should you wish to.


def self.new(*, accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole? = nil, always_show_arrow : Bool? = nil, can_focus : Bool? = nil, can_target : Bool? = nil, child : Gtk::Widget? = nil, css_classes : Enumerable(String)? = nil, css_name : String? = nil, cursor : Gdk::Cursor? = nil, direction : Gtk::ArrowType? = nil, focus_on_click : Bool? = nil, focusable : Bool? = nil, halign : Gtk::Align? = nil, has_default : Bool? = nil, has_focus : Bool? = nil, has_frame : Bool? = nil, has_tooltip : Bool? = nil, height_request : Int32? = nil, hexpand : Bool? = nil, hexpand_set : Bool? = nil, icon_name : String? = nil, label : String? = nil, layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager? = nil, margin_bottom : Int32? = nil, margin_end : Int32? = nil, margin_start : Int32? = nil, margin_top : Int32? = nil, menu_model : Gio::MenuModel? = nil, name : String? = nil, opacity : Float64? = nil, overflow : Gtk::Overflow? = nil, parent : Gtk::Widget? = nil, popover : Gtk::Popover? = nil, primary : Bool? = nil, receives_default : Bool? = nil, root : Gtk::Root? = nil, scale_factor : Int32? = nil, sensitive : Bool? = nil, tooltip_markup : String? = nil, tooltip_text : String? = nil, use_underline : Bool? = nil, valign : Gtk::Align? = nil, vexpand : Bool? = nil, vexpand_set : Bool? = nil, visible : Bool? = nil, width_request : Int32? = nil) #

Class Method Detail

def self.g_type : UInt64 #

Returns the type id (GType) registered in GLib type system.


Instance Method Detail

def activate_signal #

def always_show_arrow : Bool #

Gets whether to show a dropdown arrow even when using an icon.


def always_show_arrow=(always_show_arrow : Bool) : Nil #

Sets whether to show a dropdown arrow even when using an icon or a custom child.


def always_show_arrow? : Bool #

def child : Gtk::Widget? #

Gets the child widget of @menu_button.


def child=(child : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil #

Sets the child widget of @menu_button.

Setting a child resets Gtk::MenuButton#label and [property@Gtk.MenuButton:icon-name].

If [property@Gtk.MenuButton:always-show-arrow] is set to TRUE and Gtk::MenuButton#direction is not GTK_ARROW_NONE, a dropdown arrow will be shown next to the child.


def create_popup_func=(func : Gtk::MenuButtonCreatePopupFunc?) : Nil #

Sets @func to be called when a popup is about to be shown.

@func should use one of

to set a popup for @menu_button. If @func is non-%NULL, @menu_button will always be sensitive.

Using this function will not reset the menu widget attached to @menu_button. Instead, this can be done manually in @func.


def direction : Gtk::ArrowType #

Returns the direction the popup will be pointing at when popped up.


def direction=(direction : Gtk::ArrowType) : Nil #

Sets the direction in which the popup will be popped up.

If the button is automatically populated with an arrow icon, its direction will be changed to match.

If the does not fit in the available space in the given direction, GTK will its best to keep it inside the screen and fully visible.

If you pass %GTK_ARROW_NONE for a @direction, the popup will behave as if you passed %GTK_ARROW_DOWN (although you won’t see any arrows).


def has_frame : Bool #

Returns whether the button has a frame.


def has_frame=(has_frame : Bool) : Nil #

Sets the style of the button.


def has_frame? : Bool #

def icon_name : String? #

Gets the name of the icon shown in the button.


def icon_name=(icon_name : String) : Nil #

Sets the name of an icon to show inside the menu button.

Setting icon name resets Gtk::MenuButton#label and Gtk::MenuButton#child.

If [property@Gtk.MenuButton:always-show-arrow] is set to TRUE and Gtk::MenuButton#direction is not GTK_ARROW_NONE, a dropdown arrow will be shown next to the icon.


def label : String? #

Gets the label shown in the button


def label=(label : String) : Nil #

Sets the label to show inside the menu button.

Setting a label resets [property@Gtk.MenuButton:icon-name] and Gtk::MenuButton#child.

If Gtk::MenuButton#direction is not GTK_ARROW_NONE, a dropdown arrow will be shown next to the label.


def menu_model : Gio::MenuModel? #

Returns the GMenuModel used to generate the popup.


def menu_model=(menu_model : Gio::MenuModel?) : Nil #

Sets the GMenuModel from which the popup will be constructed.

If @menu_model is %NULL, the button is disabled.

A Gtk#Popover will be created from the menu model with Gtk::PopoverMenu#new_from_model. Actions will be connected as documented for this function.

If Gtk::MenuButton#popover is already set, it will be dissociated from the @menu_button, and the property is set to %NULL.


def popdown : Nil #

Dismiss the menu.


def popover : Gtk::Popover? #

Returns the GtkPopover that pops out of the button.

If the button is not using a GtkPopover, this function returns %NULL.


def popover=(value : Gtk::Popover?) : Gtk::Popover? #

def popover=(popover : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil #

Sets the GtkPopover that will be popped up when the @menu_button is clicked.

If @popover is %NULL, the button is disabled.

If [property@Gtk.MenuButton:menu-model] is set, the menu model is dissociated from the @menu_button, and the property is set to %NULL.


def popup : Nil #

Pop up the menu.


def primary : Bool #

Returns whether the menu button acts as a primary menu.


def primary=(primary : Bool) : Nil #

Sets whether menu button acts as a primary menu.

Primary menus can be opened with the F10 key.


def primary? : Bool #

def use_underline : Bool #

Returns whether an embedded underline in the text indicates a mnemonic.


def use_underline=(use_underline : Bool) : Nil #

If true, an underline in the text indicates a mnemonic.


def use_underline? : Bool #