class Gtk::Grid

Overview

GtkGrid is a container which arranges its child widgets in rows and columns.

An example GtkGrid

It supports arbitrary positions and horizontal/vertical spans.

Children are added using Gtk::Grid#attach. They can span multiple rows or columns. It is also possible to add a child next to an existing child, using Gtk::Grid#attach_next_to. To remove a child from the grid, use Gtk::Grid#remove.

The behaviour of GtkGrid when several children occupy the same grid cell is undefined.

GtkGrid as GtkBuildable

Every child in a GtkGrid has access to a custom Gtk#Buildable element, called <layout>. It can by used to specify a position in the grid and optionally spans. All properties that can be used in the <layout> element are implemented by Gtk#GridLayoutChild.

It is implemented by GtkWidget using Gtk#LayoutManager.

To showcase it, here is a simple example:

WARNING ⚠️ The following code is in xml ⚠️

<object class="GtkGrid" id="my_grid">
  <child>
    <object class="GtkButton" id="button1">
      <property name="label">Button 1</property>
      <layout>
        <property name="column">0</property>
        <property name="row">0</property>
      </layout>
    </object>
  </child>
  <child>
    <object class="GtkButton" id="button2">
      <property name="label">Button 2</property>
      <layout>
        <property name="column">1</property>
        <property name="row">0</property>
      </layout>
    </object>
  </child>
  <child>
    <object class="GtkButton" id="button3">
      <property name="label">Button 3</property>
      <layout>
        <property name="column">2</property>
        <property name="row">0</property>
        <property name="row-span">2</property>
      </layout>
    </object>
  </child>
  <child>
    <object class="GtkButton" id="button4">
      <property name="label">Button 4</property>
      <layout>
        <property name="column">0</property>
        <property name="row">1</property>
        <property name="column-span">2</property>
      </layout>
    </object>
  </child>
</object>

It organizes the first two buttons side-by-side in one cell each. The third button is in the last column but spans across two rows. This is defined by the row-span property. The last button is located in the second row and spans across two columns, which is defined by the column-span property.

CSS nodes

GtkGrid uses a single CSS node with name grid.

Accessibility

GtkGrid uses the %GTK_ACCESSIBLE_ROLE_GROUP role.

Included Modules

Defined in:

lib/gi-crystal/src/auto/gtk-4.0/grid.cr

Constructors

Class Method Summary

Instance Method Summary

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Orientable

orientation : Gtk::Orientation orientation, orientation=(orientation : Gtk::Orientation) : Nil orientation=, to_unsafe to_unsafe

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::Orientable

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::ConstraintTarget

to_unsafe to_unsafe

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::ConstraintTarget

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Buildable

buildable_id : String? buildable_id, to_unsafe to_unsafe

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::Buildable

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Accessible

accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role, accessible_role=(value : Gtk::AccessibleRole) : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role=, reset_property(property : Gtk::AccessibleProperty) : Nil reset_property, reset_relation(relation : Gtk::AccessibleRelation) : Nil reset_relation, reset_state(state : Gtk::AccessibleState) : Nil reset_state, to_unsafe to_unsafe, update_property(properties : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleProperty), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_property, update_relation(relations : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleRelation), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_relation, update_state(states : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleState), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_state

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::Accessible

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from class Gtk::Widget

action_set_enabled(action_name : String, enabled : Bool) : Nil action_set_enabled, activate : Bool activate, activate_action(name : String, args : _?) : Bool activate_action, activate_default : Nil activate_default, add_controller(controller : Gtk::EventController) : Nil add_controller, add_css_class(css_class : String) : Nil add_css_class, add_mnemonic_label(label : Gtk::Widget) : Nil add_mnemonic_label, add_tick_callback(callback : Gtk::TickCallback) : UInt32 add_tick_callback, allocate(width : Int32, height : Int32, baseline : Int32, transform : Gsk::Transform?) : Nil allocate, allocated_baseline : Int32 allocated_baseline, allocated_height : Int32 allocated_height, allocated_width : Int32 allocated_width, allocation : Gdk::Rectangle allocation, ancestor(widget_type : UInt64) : Gtk::Widget? ancestor, can_focus : Bool can_focus, can_focus=(can_focus : Bool) : Nil can_focus=, can_focus? : Bool can_focus?, can_target : Bool can_target, can_target=(can_target : Bool) : Nil can_target=, can_target? : Bool can_target?, child_focus(direction : Gtk::DirectionType) : Bool child_focus, child_visible : Bool child_visible, child_visible=(child_visible : Bool) : Nil child_visible=, clipboard : Gdk::Clipboard clipboard, compute_bounds(target : Gtk::Widget) : Graphene::Rect compute_bounds, compute_expand(orientation : Gtk::Orientation) : Bool compute_expand, compute_point(target : Gtk::Widget, point : Graphene::Point) : Graphene::Point compute_point, compute_transform(target : Gtk::Widget) : Graphene::Matrix compute_transform, contains(x : Float64, y : Float64) : Bool contains, create_pango_context : Pango::Context create_pango_context, create_pango_layout(text : String?) : Pango::Layout create_pango_layout, css_classes : Enumerable(String) css_classes, css_classes=(classes : Enumerable(String)) : Nil css_classes=, css_name : String css_name, css_name=(value : String) : String css_name=, cursor : Gdk::Cursor? cursor, cursor=(cursor : Gdk::Cursor?) : Nil cursor=, cursor_from_name=(name : String?) : Nil cursor_from_name=, destroy_signal destroy_signal, direction : Gtk::TextDirection direction, direction=(dir : Gtk::TextDirection) : Nil direction=, direction_changed_signal direction_changed_signal, display : Gdk::Display display, drag_check_threshold(start_x : Int32, start_y : Int32, current_x : Int32, current_y : Int32) : Bool drag_check_threshold, error_bell : Nil error_bell, first_child : Gtk::Widget? first_child, focus_child : Gtk::Widget? focus_child, focus_child=(child : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil focus_child=, focus_on_click : Bool focus_on_click, focus_on_click=(focus_on_click : Bool) : Nil focus_on_click=, focus_on_click? : Bool focus_on_click?, focusable : Bool focusable, focusable=(focusable : Bool) : Nil focusable=, focusable? : Bool focusable?, font_map : Pango::FontMap? font_map, font_map=(font_map : Pango::FontMap?) : Nil font_map=, font_options : Cairo::FontOptions? font_options, font_options=(options : Cairo::FontOptions?) : Nil font_options=, frame_clock : Gdk::FrameClock? frame_clock, grab_focus : Bool grab_focus, halign : Gtk::Align halign, halign=(align : Gtk::Align) : Nil halign=, has_css_class(css_class : String) : Bool has_css_class, has_default : Bool has_default, has_default? : Bool has_default?, has_focus : Bool has_focus, has_focus? : Bool has_focus?, has_tooltip : Bool has_tooltip, has_tooltip=(has_tooltip : Bool) : Nil has_tooltip=, has_tooltip? : Bool has_tooltip?, has_visible_focus : Bool has_visible_focus, height : Int32 height, height_request : Int32 height_request, height_request=(value : Int32) : Int32 height_request=, hexpand : Bool hexpand, hexpand=(expand : Bool) : Nil hexpand=, hexpand? : Bool hexpand?, hexpand_set : Bool hexpand_set, hexpand_set=(set : Bool) : Nil hexpand_set=, hexpand_set? : Bool hexpand_set?, hide : Nil hide, hide_signal hide_signal, in_destruction : Bool in_destruction, init_template : Nil init_template, insert_action_group(name : String, group : Gio::ActionGroup?) : Nil insert_action_group, insert_after(parent : Gtk::Widget, previous_sibling : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil insert_after, insert_before(parent : Gtk::Widget, next_sibling : Gtk::Widget?) : Nil insert_before, is_ancestor(ancestor : Gtk::Widget) : Bool is_ancestor, is_drawable : Bool is_drawable, is_focus : Bool is_focus, is_sensitive : Bool is_sensitive, is_visible : Bool is_visible, keynav_failed(direction : Gtk::DirectionType) : Bool keynav_failed, keynav_failed_signal keynav_failed_signal, last_child : Gtk::Widget? last_child, layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager? layout_manager, layout_manager=(layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager?) : Nil layout_manager=, list_mnemonic_labels : GLib::List list_mnemonic_labels, map : Nil map, map_signal map_signal, mapped : Bool mapped, margin_bottom : Int32 margin_bottom, margin_bottom=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_bottom=, margin_end : Int32 margin_end, margin_end=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_end=, margin_start : Int32 margin_start, margin_start=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_start=, margin_top : Int32 margin_top, margin_top=(margin : Int32) : Nil margin_top=, measure(orientation : Gtk::Orientation, for_size : Int32) : Nil measure, mnemonic_activate(group_cycling : Bool) : Bool mnemonic_activate, mnemonic_activate_signal mnemonic_activate_signal, move_focus_signal move_focus_signal, name : String name, name=(name : String) : Nil name=, native : Gtk::Native? native, next_sibling : Gtk::Widget? next_sibling, observe_children : Gio::ListModel observe_children, observe_controllers : Gio::ListModel observe_controllers, opacity : Float64 opacity, opacity=(opacity : Float64) : Nil opacity=, overflow : Gtk::Overflow overflow, overflow=(overflow : Gtk::Overflow) : Nil overflow=, pango_context : Pango::Context pango_context, parent : Gtk::Widget? parent, parent=(parent : Gtk::Widget) : Nil parent=, pick(x : Float64, y : Float64, flags : Gtk::PickFlags) : Gtk::Widget? pick, preferred_size : Gtk::Requisition preferred_size, prev_sibling : Gtk::Widget? prev_sibling, primary_clipboard : Gdk::Clipboard primary_clipboard, query_tooltip_signal query_tooltip_signal, queue_allocate : Nil queue_allocate, queue_draw : Nil queue_draw, queue_resize : Nil queue_resize, realize : Nil realize, realize_signal realize_signal, realized : Bool realized, receives_default : Bool receives_default, receives_default=(receives_default : Bool) : Nil receives_default=, receives_default? : Bool receives_default?, remove_controller(controller : Gtk::EventController) : Nil remove_controller, remove_css_class(css_class : String) : Nil remove_css_class, remove_mnemonic_label(label : Gtk::Widget) : Nil remove_mnemonic_label, remove_tick_callback(id : UInt32) : Nil remove_tick_callback, request_mode : Gtk::SizeRequestMode request_mode, root : Gtk::Root? root, scale_factor : Int32 scale_factor, sensitive : Bool sensitive, sensitive=(sensitive : Bool) : Nil sensitive=, sensitive? : Bool sensitive?, set_size_request(width : Int32, height : Int32) : Nil set_size_request, set_state_flags(flags : Gtk::StateFlags, clear : Bool) : Nil set_state_flags, settings : Gtk::Settings settings, should_layout : Bool should_layout, show : Nil show, show_signal show_signal, size(orientation : Gtk::Orientation) : Int32 size, size_allocate(allocation : Gdk::Rectangle, baseline : Int32) : Nil size_allocate, size_request : Nil size_request, snapshot_child(child : Gtk::Widget, snapshot : Gtk::Snapshot) : Nil snapshot_child, state_flags : Gtk::StateFlags state_flags, state_flags_changed_signal state_flags_changed_signal, style_context : Gtk::StyleContext style_context, tooltip_markup : String? tooltip_markup, tooltip_markup=(value : String) : String
tooltip_markup=(markup : String?) : Nil
tooltip_markup=
, tooltip_text : String? tooltip_text, tooltip_text=(value : String) : String
tooltip_text=(text : String?) : Nil
tooltip_text=
, translate_coordinates(dest_widget : Gtk::Widget, src_x : Float64, src_y : Float64) : Bool translate_coordinates, trigger_tooltip_query : Nil trigger_tooltip_query, unmap : Nil unmap, unmap_signal unmap_signal, unparent : Nil unparent, unrealize : Nil unrealize, unrealize_signal unrealize_signal, unset_state_flags(flags : Gtk::StateFlags) : Nil unset_state_flags, valign : Gtk::Align valign, valign=(align : Gtk::Align) : Nil valign=, vexpand : Bool vexpand, vexpand=(expand : Bool) : Nil vexpand=, vexpand? : Bool vexpand?, vexpand_set : Bool vexpand_set, vexpand_set=(set : Bool) : Nil vexpand_set=, vexpand_set? : Bool vexpand_set?, visible : Bool visible, visible=(visible : Bool) : Nil visible=, visible? : Bool visible?, width : Int32 width, width_request : Int32 width_request, width_request=(value : Int32) : Int32 width_request=

Constructor methods inherited from class Gtk::Widget

new
new(*, accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole? = nil, can_focus : Bool? = nil, can_target : Bool? = nil, css_classes : Enumerable(String)? = nil, css_name : String? = nil, cursor : Gdk::Cursor? = nil, focus_on_click : Bool? = nil, focusable : Bool? = nil, halign : Gtk::Align? = nil, has_default : Bool? = nil, has_focus : Bool? = nil, has_tooltip : Bool? = nil, height_request : Int32? = nil, hexpand : Bool? = nil, hexpand_set : Bool? = nil, layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager? = nil, margin_bottom : Int32? = nil, margin_end : Int32? = nil, margin_start : Int32? = nil, margin_top : Int32? = nil, name : String? = nil, opacity : Float64? = nil, overflow : Gtk::Overflow? = nil, parent : Gtk::Widget? = nil, receives_default : Bool? = nil, root : Gtk::Root? = nil, scale_factor : Int32? = nil, sensitive : Bool? = nil, tooltip_markup : String? = nil, tooltip_text : String? = nil, valign : Gtk::Align? = nil, vexpand : Bool? = nil, vexpand_set : Bool? = nil, visible : Bool? = nil, width_request : Int32? = nil)
new

Class methods inherited from class Gtk::Widget

default_direction : Gtk::TextDirection default_direction, default_direction=(dir : Gtk::TextDirection) : Nil default_direction=, g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::ConstraintTarget

to_unsafe to_unsafe

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::ConstraintTarget

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Buildable

buildable_id : String? buildable_id, to_unsafe to_unsafe

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::Buildable

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from module Gtk::Accessible

accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role, accessible_role=(value : Gtk::AccessibleRole) : Gtk::AccessibleRole accessible_role=, reset_property(property : Gtk::AccessibleProperty) : Nil reset_property, reset_relation(relation : Gtk::AccessibleRelation) : Nil reset_relation, reset_state(state : Gtk::AccessibleState) : Nil reset_state, to_unsafe to_unsafe, update_property(properties : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleProperty), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_property, update_relation(relations : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleRelation), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_relation, update_state(states : Enumerable(Gtk::AccessibleState), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil update_state

Class methods inherited from module Gtk::Accessible

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Constructor methods inherited from class GObject::InitiallyUnowned

new new

Class methods inherited from class GObject::InitiallyUnowned

g_type : UInt64 g_type

Instance methods inherited from class GObject::Object

bind_property(source_property : String, target : GObject::Object, target_property : String, flags : GObject::BindingFlags) : GObject::Binding bind_property, bind_property_full(source_property : String, target : GObject::Object, target_property : String, flags : GObject::BindingFlags, transform_to : GObject::Closure, transform_from : GObject::Closure) : GObject::Binding bind_property_full, data(key : String) : Pointer(Void)? data, finalize finalize, freeze_notify : Nil freeze_notify, getv(names : Enumerable(String), values : Enumerable(_)) : Nil getv, notify(property_name : String) : Nil notify, notify_by_pspec(pspec : GObject::ParamSpec) : Nil notify_by_pspec, notify_signal notify_signal, property(property_name : String, value : _) : Nil property, qdata(quark : UInt32) : Pointer(Void)? qdata, ref_count : UInt32 ref_count, run_dispose : Nil run_dispose, set_data(key : String, data : Pointer(Void)?) : Nil set_data, set_property(property_name : String, value : _) : Nil set_property, steal_data(key : String) : Pointer(Void)? steal_data, steal_qdata(quark : UInt32) : Pointer(Void)? steal_qdata, thaw_notify : Nil thaw_notify, to_unsafe : Pointer(Void) to_unsafe, watch_closure(closure : GObject::Closure) : Nil watch_closure

Constructor methods inherited from class GObject::Object

cast(obj : GObject::Object) : self cast, cast?(obj : GObject::Object) : self? cast?, new(pointer : Pointer(Void), transfer : GICrystal::Transfer)
new
new
, newv(object_type : UInt64, parameters : Enumerable(GObject::Parameter)) : self newv

Class methods inherited from class GObject::Object

compat_control(what : UInt64, data : Pointer(Void)?) : UInt64 compat_control, g_type : UInt64 g_type, interface_find_property(g_iface : GObject::TypeInterface, property_name : String) : GObject::ParamSpec interface_find_property, interface_list_properties(g_iface : GObject::TypeInterface) : Enumerable(GObject::ParamSpec) interface_list_properties

Constructor Detail

def self.new : self #

Creates a new grid widget.


def self.new(*, accessible_role : Gtk::AccessibleRole? = nil, baseline_row : Int32? = nil, can_focus : Bool? = nil, can_target : Bool? = nil, column_homogeneous : Bool? = nil, column_spacing : Int32? = nil, css_classes : Enumerable(String)? = nil, css_name : String? = nil, cursor : Gdk::Cursor? = nil, focus_on_click : Bool? = nil, focusable : Bool? = nil, halign : Gtk::Align? = nil, has_default : Bool? = nil, has_focus : Bool? = nil, has_tooltip : Bool? = nil, height_request : Int32? = nil, hexpand : Bool? = nil, hexpand_set : Bool? = nil, layout_manager : Gtk::LayoutManager? = nil, margin_bottom : Int32? = nil, margin_end : Int32? = nil, margin_start : Int32? = nil, margin_top : Int32? = nil, name : String? = nil, opacity : Float64? = nil, orientation : Gtk::Orientation? = nil, overflow : Gtk::Overflow? = nil, parent : Gtk::Widget? = nil, receives_default : Bool? = nil, root : Gtk::Root? = nil, row_homogeneous : Bool? = nil, row_spacing : Int32? = nil, scale_factor : Int32? = nil, sensitive : Bool? = nil, tooltip_markup : String? = nil, tooltip_text : String? = nil, valign : Gtk::Align? = nil, vexpand : Bool? = nil, vexpand_set : Bool? = nil, visible : Bool? = nil, width_request : Int32? = nil) #

Class Method Detail

def self.g_type : UInt64 #

Returns the type id (GType) registered in GLib type system.


Instance Method Detail

def attach(child : Gtk::Widget, column : Int32, row : Int32, width : Int32, height : Int32) : Nil #

Adds a widget to the grid.

The position of @child is determined by @column and @row. The number of “cells” that @child will occupy is determined by @width and @height.


def attach_next_to(child : Gtk::Widget, sibling : Gtk::Widget?, side : Gtk::PositionType, width : Int32, height : Int32) : Nil #

Adds a widget to the grid.

The widget is placed next to @sibling, on the side determined by @side. When @sibling is %NULL, the widget is placed in row (for left or right placement) or column 0 (for top or bottom placement), at the end indicated by @side.

Attaching widgets labeled [1], [2], [3] with @sibling == %NULL and @side == %GTK_POS_LEFT yields a layout of [3][2][1].


def baseline_row : Int32 #

Returns which row defines the global baseline of @grid.


def baseline_row=(row : Int32) : Nil #

Sets which row defines the global baseline for the entire grid.

Each row in the grid can have its own local baseline, but only one of those is global, meaning it will be the baseline in the parent of the @grid.


def child_at(column : Int32, row : Int32) : Gtk::Widget? #

Gets the child of @grid whose area covers the grid cell at @column, @row.


def column_homogeneous : Bool #

Returns whether all columns of @grid have the same width.


def column_homogeneous=(homogeneous : Bool) : Nil #

Sets whether all columns of @grid will have the same width.


def column_homogeneous? : Bool #

def column_spacing : UInt32 #

Returns the amount of space between the columns of @grid.


def column_spacing=(value : Int32) : Int32 #

def column_spacing=(spacing : UInt32) : Nil #

Sets the amount of space between columns of @grid.


def insert_column(position : Int32) : Nil #

Inserts a column at the specified position.

Children which are attached at or to the right of this position are moved one column to the right. Children which span across this position are grown to span the new column.


def insert_next_to(sibling : Gtk::Widget, side : Gtk::PositionType) : Nil #

Inserts a row or column at the specified position.

The new row or column is placed next to @sibling, on the side determined by @side. If @side is %GTK_POS_TOP or %GTK_POS_BOTTOM, a row is inserted. If @side is %GTK_POS_LEFT of %GTK_POS_RIGHT, a column is inserted.


def insert_row(position : Int32) : Nil #

Inserts a row at the specified position.

Children which are attached at or below this position are moved one row down. Children which span across this position are grown to span the new row.


def query_child(child : Gtk::Widget) : Nil #

Queries the attach points and spans of @child inside the given GtkGrid.


def remove(child : Gtk::Widget) : Nil #

Removes a child from @grid.

The child must have been added with Gtk::Grid#attach or Gtk::Grid#attach_next_to.


def remove_column(position : Int32) : Nil #

Removes a column from the grid.

Children that are placed in this column are removed, spanning children that overlap this column have their width reduced by one, and children after the column are moved to the left.


def remove_row(position : Int32) : Nil #

Removes a row from the grid.

Children that are placed in this row are removed, spanning children that overlap this row have their height reduced by one, and children below the row are moved up.


def row_baseline_position(row : Int32) : Gtk::BaselinePosition #

Returns the baseline position of @row.

See Gtk::Grid#row_baseline_position=.


def row_homogeneous : Bool #

Returns whether all rows of @grid have the same height.


def row_homogeneous=(homogeneous : Bool) : Nil #

Sets whether all rows of @grid will have the same height.


def row_homogeneous? : Bool #

def row_spacing : UInt32 #

Returns the amount of space between the rows of @grid.


def row_spacing=(value : Int32) : Int32 #

def row_spacing=(spacing : UInt32) : Nil #

Sets the amount of space between rows of @grid.


def set_row_baseline_position(row : Int32, pos : Gtk::BaselinePosition) : Nil #

Sets how the baseline should be positioned on @row of the grid, in case that row is assigned more space than is requested.

The default baseline position is %GTK_BASELINE_POSITION_CENTER.